What are the four approaches to management?

DIFFERENT APPROACHES TO MANAGEMENT Management was influenced by various disciplines like sociology, economics, political science, anthropology, psychology, and even literature. Due

What are the four approaches to management?

DIFFERENT APPROACHES TO MANAGEMENT Management was influenced by various disciplines like sociology, economics, political science, anthropology, psychology, and even literature. Due to such multidisciplinary influences, even authors like Harold Koontz (1961) referred to management as a jungle. Even then, differences exist in the classification of approaches. Although one of the ways to classify management approaches is from the analysis of John G. Hutchinson (1971), which considers the development of management from five different perspectives, the history of management can be broadly classified into three groups: (1) the classical approach, (2) the neo-classical approach, and (3) the modern approach.
The classicalshow more content
The theorists of this school laid down the foundation of managing an organization in accordance with certain principles. In Table 1.2, the contributions of each theorist have been highlighted.
Scientific management
Scientific management is a classical approach that emphasizes the Scientific study of work methods to improve efficiency of workers. Among all the contributors to this school of thought, the contribution of Taylor is thought to be the most important. Regarded as the father of Scientific management, Taylor developed specific principles for this field in 1911. He started his experiments with the concept of Scientific management in 1878 at Midvale Steel Co. During his days at Midvale, he saw that employees were soldiering, that is, deliberately working at a pace slower than one 's capabilities. He concluded that workers indulged in soldiering primarily for three reasons: (1) fear of losing their jobs if they increase their output, (2) faulty wage systems, and (3) outdated methods of working. Table 1.2 Contributions of Classical Theorists
Scientific management
Frederick W. Taylor (18561915)
Development of Scientific management
Frank B. and Lillian M. Gilbreth (18681972)
Time and motion studies
Henry L. Gantt (18611919)
The Gantt chart
Administrative theory
Henri Fayol (18411925)
General theory of management
Max Weber (18641920)
Rules of management
For eliminating this problem, Taylor

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