The type of greeting that you can use in Spanish depends greatly on the formality of the situation that you find yourself in. Here are three ways to greet someone in Spanish:
The Importance of a Greeting
A greeting is a basic form of courtesy in human society. Its a simple way to show someone unfamiliar that you are friendly and/or respectful. Its important to understand how to be able to greet someone in all types of social situations, whether they be very formal or very informal. In this article, well show you different ways to greet someone in Spanish so that the next time you encounter a Spanish-speaker, youll be able to show off your manners.
You can use the greetings in the following list in basically any situation. Remember that in Spanish, tú, vos, usted, ustedes, and vosotrosare all ways to say you. To make the list simpler, well just show the Spanish greetings that use usted and ustedes (in the masculine form).
List of Formal GreetingsHello.¿Cómo está?(formal singular)How are you?¿Cómo están?(formal plural)How are you?Hola, ¿cómo está?(formal singular)Hello. How are you?Hola, ¿cómo están?(formal plural)How are you?Its nice to meet you.Gusto en verlo.(formal singular)Its nice to see you.Gusto en verlos.(formal plural)Its nice to see you.Good morning.Good afternoon.Good evening.
Now lets take a look at a snippet of dialogue between two doctors that dont know each other very well.Estoy bien, gracias. ¿Cómo está?
Im doing well, thank you. How are you?Muy bien. Gracias por preguntar.
Very well. Thank you for asking.
The greetings in this list are a little more informal. They can also be used in many social situations, from an encounter between friends to interactions with coworkers.
List of Informal GreetingsHi. / Hey.¿Cómo estás?(informal singular)Howre you? / How are you doing?¿Cómo están?(informal plural)Howre you? / How are you doing?Hola, ¿cómo estás?(informal singular)Hi. Howre you?Hola, ¿cómo están?(informal plural)Hi. Howre you?Whats new?Cómo te va?(informal singular)Hows it going?Cómo les va?(informal plural)Hows it going?Whats up?Whats up?How are things?
Lets take a look at a conversation between two coworkers that know each other well.No mucho. ¿Qué hay de nuevo?
Nothing much. What's new with you?
Very Informal Greetings
The greetings in the following list are very informal. Some, depending on how well you get along with the person that youre speaking with, could result in some awkward tension if youve miscalculated your social standing with them.
List of Very Informal GreetingsOye.(When getting someones attention)Hey.Whats up?Whats up?Whats up?Whats up?Whats going on?How's it going?What're you up to?Whats new?Whats shaking?Whats new?How are we doing?Whats up, buttercup?
Lastly, let's take a look at a sample conversation between two friends who know each other very well.