# How do I sequentially number rows in Google Sheets?

The SEQUENCE function is a useful function in Google Sheets. Its a powerful way to generate numbered lists.=SEQUENCE(rows, columns, start, step)As arguments for the SEQUENCE functi

The SEQUENCE function is a useful function in Google Sheets. Its a powerful way to generate numbered lists.=SEQUENCE(rows, columns, start, step)

As arguments for the SEQUENCE function, you specify 1) the number of rows, 2) the number of columns, 3) a start value, and 4) a step size.

Arguments 2, 3, and 4 are optional. However, if you want to set them you need to include the previous ones (e.g. if you want to set a step size in argument 4, then you need to set 1, 2, and 3 as well).

Keep this order in mind as you look through the examples below and youll soon understand how the function works.

## 1. Ascending list of numbers=SEQUENCE(5)

## 2. Horizontal list of numbers

Set the row count to 1 and the column count to however many numbers you want e.g. 5:=SEQUENCE(1,5)

## 3. Two-dimensional array of numbers

Set both row and number values:=SEQUENCE(5,5)

## 4. Startfrom a specific value

Set the third argument to the value you want to start from e.g. 100:=SEQUENCE(5,1,100)

## 5. Usea custom step

Set the fourth argument to the size of the step you want to use, e.g. 10:=SEQUENCE(5,1,1,10)

## 6. Descending numbers

Set the fourth argument to -1 to count down:=SEQUENCE(5,1,5,-1)

## 7. Negative numbers

Set the start value to a negative number and/or count down with negative step:=SEQUENCE(5,1,-1,-1)

## 8. Dates

Dates are stored as numbers in spreadsheets, so you can use them inside the SEQUENCE function. You need toformat the column as dates:=SEQUENCE(5,1,TODAY(),1)

## 9. Decimal numbers

Unfortunately you cant set decimal counts directly inside the SEQUENCE function, so you have to combine with an Array Formula e.g.=ArrayFormula( SEQUENCE(5,1,10,1) / 10 )

## 10. Constant numbers

Youre free to set the step value to 0 if you want an array of constant numbers:

## 11. Monthly sequences

Start with this formula in cell A1, which gives the numbers 1 to 12 in a column:=SEQUENCE(12)

In the adjacent column,use this DATE function to create the first day of each month (formula needs to be copied down all 12 rows):=DATE(2021,A1,1)

This can be turned into an Array Formula in the adjacent column, so that a single formula, in cell C1, outputs all 12 dates:=ArrayFormula(DATE(2021,A1:A12,1))

Finally, the original SEQUENCE formula can be nested in place of the range reference, using this formula in cell D1:=ArrayFormula(DATE(2021,SEQUENCE(12),1))

This single formula gives the output:

1/1/2021

2/1/2021

.

.

.

12/1/2021

Its an elegant way to create a monthly list. Its not dependent on any other input cells either (columns A, B, C are working columns in this example).

With this formula, you can easily change all the dates, e.g.to 2022.

Buildingin steps like this a great example of theOnion Method, which I advocate for complex formulas.

## 12. Text and Emoji sequences

You can use a clever trick to set the SEQUENCE output to a blank string using the TEXT function. Then you can append on a text value or an emoji or whatever string you want to create a text list.

For example, this repeats the name Ben Collins one hundred times in a column:=ArrayFormula(TEXT(SEQUENCE(100,1,1,1),"")&"Ben Collins")

And, by using the CHAR function, you can also make emoji lists. For example, heres a 10 by 10 grid of tacos:=ArrayFormula(TEXT(SEQUENCE(10,10,1,1),"")&CHAR(127790))

## 13. Lists Of Grouped Numbers

Suppose were organizing an event and we want to group our 20 participants into groups of 5.

Start with the standard SEQUENCE function to output a numbered list from 1 to 20:=SEQUENCE(20)

Next, divide by 5:=SEQUENCE(20)/5

This gives a single output, 0.2, so we need to wrap it with an array formula to get the full column output:=ArrayFormula(SEQUENCE(20)/5)

Finally, we add ROUNDUP to create the groups shown in the image above:=ArrayFormula(ROUNDUP(SEQUENCE(20)/5))

## 14. Repeating Sequence

To create a repeating sequence 1,2,3,1,2,3,1,2,3,etc. use the SEQUENCE function in combination with the MOD function:=ArrayFormula(MOD(SEQUENCE(100,1,0),3)+1)

Have you got any examples of using the SEQUENCE function?