12th Final Accounts Problems with Solutions PDF 2020

Example Illustration with Solution | Accountancy - Final accounts with adjustments | 11th Accountancy : Chapter 13 : Final Accounts of Sole Proprietors-II Posted On : 15.06.2018 03

12th Final Accounts Problems with Solutions PDF 2020

Example Illustration with Solution | Accountancy - Final accounts with adjustments | 11th Accountancy : Chapter 13 : Final Accounts of Sole Proprietors-II Posted On : 15.06.2018 03:12 pm

Chapter: 11th Accountancy : Chapter 13 : Final Accounts of Sole Proprietors-II

Final accounts with adjustmentsIllustration Problems with Solution - Final accounts with adjustments

Final accounts with adjustments

Illustration 9

Prepare trading account from the following ledger balances presented by P. Sen as on 31st March, 2016.


Additional information:

i. Stock on 31st March, 2016 Rs.  20,000

ii. Outstanding wages amounted to Rs.  4,000

iii. Gas and fuel was paid in advance for Rs.  1,000



Illustration 10

From the following particulars presented by Thilak for the year ended 31st March, 2017, prepare profit and loss account.


Adjustments:

i. Outstanding salaries amounted to Rs.  4,000

ii. Rent paid for 11 months

iii. Interest due but not received amounted to Rs.  2,000

iv. Prepaid insurance amounted to Rs.  2,000

v. Depreciate buildings by 10%

vi. Further bad debts amounted to Rs.  3,000 and make a provision for bad debts @ 5% on sundry debtors

vii. Commission received in advance amounted to Rs.  2,000

Solution


Working Note:


Debtors : 40,000

Less: Further bad debts : 2,000

: 38,000

Provision for bad and doubtful debts at 5% : 38,000 x 5% = Rs. 1,900

Illustration 11

From the following balances as on 31st December, 2017, prepare profit and loss account.


Adjustments:

i. Rent accrued but not yet received Rs.  500

ii. Fire insurance premium prepaid to the extent of Rs.  1,500

iii. Provide managers commission at 10% on profits before charging such commission.


Working note:



Net profit = 55,500  (18,000 + 12,000 + 8,000 + 2,500 + 5,000) = Rs. 10,000




Illustration 12

From the following balances obtained from the books of Siva, prepare trading and profit and loss account.


Adjustments:

i. Closing stock on, 31st December, 2016 was Rs. 4,500

ii. Manager is entitled to receive commission @ 5% of net profit after providing such commission.

Solution


Working notes:


Illustration 13

From the following particulars, prepare the balance sheet of Madhu, for the year ended 31st March, 2018.


The following adjustments were made at the time of preparing final accounts:

i. Outstanding liabilities: Salaries Rs.  10,000; Wages Rs.  20,000; Interest on Bank overdraft Rs. 3,000 and Interest on bank loan Rs.  6,000

ii. Provide interest on capital @ 10% p.a.

iii. Bad debts amounted to Rs.  10,000 and make a provision for bad debts @ 10% on sundry debtors.

iv. Closing stock amounted to Rs.  1,20,000

v. Depreciate vehicles @ 10% p.a.

Net profit for the year amounted to Rs.  96,000 after considering all the above adjustments.

Solution


Illustration 14

The following balances were extracted from the books of Thomas as on 31st March, 2018


Additional information:

i. Closing stock Rs.  9,000

ii. Provide depreciation @ 10% on machinery

iii. Interest accrued on investment Rs.  2,000

Prepare trading account, profit and loss account and balance sheet.

Solution



Illustration 15

Given below are the balances extracted from the books of Nagarajan as on 31st March, 2016.


Prepare the trading and profit and loss account for the year ended 31st March, 2016 and the balance sheet as on that date after adjusting the following:

i. Commission received in advance Rs. 400

ii. Advertisement paid in advance Rs. 150

iii. Wages outstanding Rs.  200

iv. Closing stock on 31st March 2016, Rs.  2,100

Solution


Illustration 16

Consider the following balances extracted from the books of Jain as on 31st December, 2016.

Prepare the final accounts.


Adjustments

i. Salaries outstanding for December, 2016 amounted to Rs. 600

ii. Provide depreciation on furniture @ 10% p.a.

iii. Provide interest on capital for the year @ 5% p.a.

iv. Stock on 31st December, 2016 Rs. 14,000

Solution

Illustration 17

Edwards books show the following balances. Prepare his trading and profit and loss A/c for the year ended 31st December, 2016 and a balance sheet on at that date.


Adjustments:

i. Closing stock was Rs. 1,30,000 on 31st December, 2016.

ii. Create 5% provision for bad and doubtful debts on sundry debtors

iii. Create provision at 2% for discount on debtors

iv. Interest on loan due for 9 months.


Solution

Illustration 18

Following is the trial balance of Brijesh. Prepare final accounts for the year ended on 31st March, 2016.


Adjustments:

i. Stock on 31st March, 2016 was valued at Rs. 4,00,000.

ii. Depreciate furniture @ 10% p.a.

iii. Insurance of Rs.  60,000 was paid in advance

iv. Commission receivable Rs. 50,000.

Solution

Illustration 19

Given below are the balances of Pandian as on 31st March, 2016.


Adjustments:

i. The stock value at the end of the accounting period was Rs. 5,000

ii. Interest on capital at 6% is to be provided

iii. Interest on drawing at 5% is to be provided

iv. Write off bad debts amounting to Rs. 2,000

v. Create provision for bad and doubtful debts on sundry debtors @ 10%

vi. Prepare final accounts for the year ended 31st March, 2016.

Solution





Illustration 20

From the trial balance of Ajith and the adjustments given below, prepare trading and profit and loss A/c for the year ended 31st March, 2016 and the balance sheet as on that date.


Adjustments:

i. Stock at the end of the year was Rs. 8,000

ii. Further bad debts amounted to Rs. 100

iii. Create 2% provision for doubtful debts on sundry debtors

iv. Create 1% provision for discount on sundry debtors



Illustration 21

The following trial balance has been extracted from the books of Rajesh on 31st December, 2016.


The following adjustments are to be made:

i. Stock on 31st December, 2016 was Rs.  28,000

ii. Unexpired insurance was Rs.  15,000

iii. Provision for doubtful debts is to be maintained at 5% on sundry debtors.

iv. Depreciate plant and machinery at 20%.

You are required to prepare trading and profit and loss account for the year ended 31st December, 2016 and a balance sheet as on that date.





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